An optical splitter, also known as a beam splitter or fiber optic splitter, is a device that splits an incoming optical signal into multiple output signals. It is commonly used in fiber optic networks to distribute optical signals to multiple locations.
Optical splitters work by using a series of micro-optic components to split the input signal into two or more output signals. The most common type of optical splitter is the fused biconical taper (FBT) splitter, which uses a tapered fiber to divide the incoming signal.
Optical splitters may be designed for use with single-mode or multimode fibers, and they can be configured with a range of split ratios, from 1:2 to 1:64 or higher. They may also be designed for use in different installation environments, such as indoor or outdoor applications.
Optical splitters are used in a variety of applications, including telecommunications, cable television networks, and local area networks. They allow a single optical signal to be distributed to multiple devices, reducing the need for additional equipment and improving overall network efficiency.
When selecting an optical splitter, it is important to consider factors such as the number of output ports, the split ratio, and the insertion loss. It is also important to ensure that the splitter is compatible with the other components in the network.
Overall, optical splitters provide an effective solution for distributing optical signals to multiple locations, allowing for efficient and reliable communication over long distances.