A fiber patch cord, also known as a fiber optic patch cord or fiber jumper, is an essential component in a fiber optic networking system. It is used to connect different network devices, such as switches, routers, and servers, in a data center or office network. A fiber patch cord consists of a core, cladding, and protective layer that transmits data using light signals through a transparent fiber.
There are two types of fiber patch cords: single-mode and multimode. Single-mode patch cords have a narrow core and are used for long-distance applications, while multimode patch cords have a larger core and are suitable for shorter distances.
To make a fiber patch cord, you need the following tools and materials:
1. Fiber optic cable
2. Fiber optic connectors (LC, SC, ST, or FC)
3. Fiber optic cleaver
4. Fiber optic polishing disc
5. Epoxy glue
6. Polishing film
7. Alcohol and wipes
The following are the steps to make a fiber patch cord:
1. Measure and cut the fiber optic cable to the desired length with a fiber optic cleaver. Ensure that the cable is clean and free from debris.
2. Strip off the protective coating of the fiber optic cable using a fiber optic stripper, leaving a clean and smooth fiber surface.
3. Insert the fiber optic connector into the cable end and secure it by crimping or screwing it firmly.
4. Apply a small amount of epoxy glue into the connector to stick the fiber optic cable with the connector. Make sure that the adhesive is evenly spread and covers the entire surface of the fiber.
5. Polish the fiber optic connector using a polishing disc and polishing film. The polishing process creates a smooth end face to enhance the transmission of light signals.
6. Clean the fiber optic connector with alcohol and wipes to remove any residue or dirt.
7. Repeat the process on the other end of the fiber optic cable to complete the patch cord.
In conclusion, making a fiber patch cord requires precision and attention to detail to ensure the quality of the patch cord. It is vital to use the right materials and tools to avoid damaging the fiber optic cable and to achieve optimal transmission performance. By following the steps outlined above, you can create reliable fiber patch cords that will enable you to maintain the smooth functioning of your network.